White Papers

How to Manage a Major Bakery Project

By Darryl Wernimont, Director of Marketing, POWER Engineers

Program management can take on different shades of meaning depending on the industry, discipline groups or company’s association of the term with a set of specific services. The most common crossover of definitions seems to occur between program management and project management, which are used interchangeably in many industry segments.

According to the Project Management Institute’s The Standard for Program Management, 2nd Ed., “A program is a group of related projects managed in a coordinated manner to obtain benefits and control not available from managing them individually.”

Program management also coordinates resources across all of the projects in the program, identifies synergies between projects, and manages overall costs and risks of the program.

A second, less common, definition of the term “program manager” is an individual who heads up a repeatable program that is implemented at multiple sites in a similar manner. A recent example would be one company’s efforts to standardize its plant security efforts across all of its facilities. A program to do this is put in place, and typically one program manager is selected to create a team of vendors (project managers) and service providers who will implement the program across all facilities.

The following helps to define the different roles and responsibilities of both program and project management.

Program management 

Program management is the process of managing multiple ongoing activities or projects that make up an overall facility program (multiple activities into projects that will be integrated into one functional program). Program management defines the program objectives, specifies deliverables, establishes key dates and manages the activity or package providers to meet the overall program objectives in a timely and costeffective manner.

A program manager should be able to effectively perform the following:

Project management

The project manager is responsible for a specific activity or project (typically an assignable activity or project). For example, this could include the design build, the process, the primary packaging, the secondary packaging, the controls, the millwright or installation, the warehouse or racking, etc.

A project manager should be able to effectively perform the following:

In essence, the program manger is the conductor and each project manager is a member of the orchestra.

This story is sponsored by POWER Engineers, which has one of the most comprehensive teams of engineers and specialists serving the baking and snack industry. As an extension of its clients’ engineering teams, the company provides program management, integrated solutions and full facility design for the baking and snack industry.